The term “effective line of control” was allegedly used by Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai in a 1959 memo to Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.  The delimitation existed as an informal ceasefire line between India and China after the Sino-Indian War of 1962-1993, when their existence was officially accepted as an “effective line of control” in a bilateral agreement.  After a long meeting on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Indian Foreign Ministers S. Jaishankar and Wang Yi, his Chinese counterpart, agreed to prevent “disputes from becoming disputes”, to continue military dialogue, to ease bilateral tensions and to respect all existing pacts and agreements on border issues. The two ministers also decided to continue discussing “border issues” through the respective special representatives and to put in place new confidence-building measures (CBM) as soon as border tensions eased. In addition to the 1996 agreement, Dr Jaishankar also referred to the 2005 agreement. New Delhi: An agreement between China and India to reduce the number of tanks along the actual line of control is being considered. Signed in New Delhi on November 29, 1996, available in the Chinese AMF contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. Copies and summaries of the agreement are also available in the UNITED Nations Peacemakers Database and the University of Edinburgh`s AP-X Peace Agreements database. According to the UN peacemakers` website, the agreement allows for “military disclosure when the parties conduct border exercises and downsizing in border areas. In addition, parties may, by invitation, observe and inspect troop movements in any other territory. In this agreement, the two sides agreed to reduce or limit their armed forces in mutually agreed geographical areas along the ZONE. It defines the main categories of armaments to be reduced or limited: “Battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, guns (including caps) of 75 mm or more caliber, mortars of 120 mm or more caliber, surface-to-surface missiles, surface-to-air missiles and any other conventionally agreed weapons system.” (Article 3) “Each party must open fire, biodegrade, use hazardous chemicals, carry out explosive operations or hunt with rifles or explosives within two kilometres of the effective control line.” (Article 6) The 15 June border conflict reportedly took place during an obvious “de-escalation process”, weeks after “high-ranking military commanders from both countries” agreed on 6 June to “peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas, in accordance with various bilateral agreements”. The collision on the ridge reportedly involved hand-to-hand combat with iron bars, stones and fists, resulting in the deaths of 20 Indian soldiers and an unknown number of Chinese soldiers.