The agreement was originally signed on 25 April 2011 by Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Qatar then withdrew from the agreement in 2013, the same year Kazakhstan applied for membership, which was finally approved in 2015. [6] [7] Pakistan has also joined the agreement since November 2016. [8] [9] India officially joined in February 2018. [10] Since 2017, the port of Chabahar in Iran has established a commercial link between India and Afghanistan without having to cross Pakistani territory. [13] [14] The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015. [15] The Ashgabat Agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. [1] [2] The agreement came into force in April 2016. Ashgabat in Turkmenistan is the state of filing of the agreement.

[3] [5] In 2016, India tabled the accession instrument with Turkmenistan and its accession to the agreement was approved by the founding members of the Ashgabat Agreement on 1 February 2018. In March 2016, the Indian government applied for permission to join the agreement. It obtained the approval of the founding members of the agreement before obtaining formal membership on 3 February 2018[11] संबंधित mea.gov.in/press-releases.htm?dtl/29406/India_Joins_the_Ashgabat_Agreement timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-joins-ashgabat-agreement/articleshow/62745556.cms This agreement will also use the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan (TAT) railway line from 2013. Afghanistan-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey transport corridor in 2014, Iran-Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan Railway and TRACECA (Europe-Caucasus-Asia transport corridor), made up of the EU and 14 countries in Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus and Central Asia. The objective of this agreement is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other transport corridors within the eurasian region, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). The multimodal transport agreement, signed by the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf, is called the Ashgabat Agreement. An important topic for the IAS audit, Ashgabat Agreement, is the responsibility of Hands GS-II (Indian Polity – International Relations.वृद्धि हुई है। में साथ भारत में चीन) भारत चीन के साथ अपने संबंधों को केवल प्रतिस्पर्द्धा के रूप में नहीं देखता, बल्कि यह मानता है कि दोनों देश साथ-साथ आगे बढ़े हैं। अपनी सैन्य ताकत, तीव्र सैन्य आधुनिकीकरण और स्पष्ट आर्थिक क्षमताओं को प्रदर्शित करने की चीन की उत्तरोत्तर बढ़ती क्षमता से हमारे क्षेत्र की सुरक्षा स्थिति के समीकरण में बड़ा बदलाव आया है। इन कारणों से आज भारत-चीन समीकरणों की जटिलता और बढ़ी है। दरअसल उज्बेकिस्तान, तुर्कमेनिस्तान, ईरान, ओमान, क़तर और फारस की खाड़ी में बसे दूसरे अरब देशों के बीच परिवहन और पारगमन गलियारा विकसित करने का विचार सबसे पहले उज्बेकिस्तान के तत्कालीन राष्ट्रपति इस्लाम करिमोव ने दिया.