Etymology: From Schengen, the city of Luxembourg where the agreement was concluded and ratified. On 30 May 2018, while border controls on the migration crisis were still active in some countries, the European Parliament decided to condemn the extended border controls between the Schengen Member States.  But it was only a statement, since Parliament does not decide. Under Schengen rules, hotels and other types of commercial accommodation must register all foreign citizens, including citizens of other Schengen states, by requiring that a registration form be completed by their own hand. This does not apply to accompanying spouses and minor children or members of travel groups. In addition, a valid identity document must be presented to the hotel manager or staff.  Schengen rules do not require further procedures; Therefore, Schengen states are free to regulate other information on the content of registration documents and identity documents to be provided and may also require the registration of persons exempted from registration by Schengen laws. The application of these rules varies from country to country. A short-stay visa costs 60 euros (46 USD; 66 USD) but only 35 euros for Russians, Ukrainians and citizens of some other countries, as part of the facilitation of issuing visas. Visa liberalisation negotiations between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) began in the first half of 2008 and ended in 2009 (for Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Prior to the total abolition of visas, the countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) had signed “visa easing agreements” with the Schengen states in 2008.
Visa facilitation agreements should, at the time, reduce wait times, reduce visa fees (including free visas for certain categories of travellers) and reduce red tape. In practice, however, the new procedures have proven to be longer, heavier and more costly, and many have complained about the ease of obtaining visas before mediation agreements come into force.    Vatican City has an open border with Italy. In 2006, it expressed interest in joining the Schengen Agreements with a view to closer cooperation on the exchange of information and similar activities under the Schengen Information System.  Exceptionally, Italy allowed people to visit Vatican City without being accepted for an Italian visa, and then to be escorted by police between the airport and the Vatican or by helicopter. [Citation required] However, there is no customs union (including customs) between Italy and the Vatican, so all vehicles are controlled at the Vatican`s borders. Three European micro-states – Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City – are not officially part of Schengen, but are de facto considered to be within the Schengen area, which means they are accessible without border controls. They have open borders and do not have border controls with the Schengen countries around them. Some national laws contain the text “Countries that are not subject to border controls on the basis of the Schengen Agreements and EU Regulation 562/2006″ which includes micro-states and other non-EU territories with open borders. The three micro-states cannot issue Schengen visas and are not part of the Schengen area, with the exception of Monaco. San Marino and Vatican City are both landlocked by Italy and have no airport or seaport.
They do not carry out border checks for arrivals outside Schengen. Helicopters cannot fly from outside Schengen or from a ship directly to San Marino or Vatican City. Now that the Schengen Agreement is part of the Community acquis, it has lost to the EU Member States the status of a treaty which could only be amended in accordance with its terms.